Definitions and Terms
The Definitions & Terms below are related to Creation Care, sustainability, environmentalism and green choices.
Sources: Merriam-Webster.com, Definitions.net, USDA Forest Service Representative Dennis Bradley and EPA.gov.
Carbon Foot Print
: the amount of greenhouse gases and specifically carbon dioxide emitted by something (as a person’s activities or a product’s manufacture and transport during a given period
Climate Change: any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun’s intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation or human activities.
Ecological Economics: a policy-oriented perspective that addresses the interdependence and coevolution between human economies and their natural ecosystems
Ecosystem: the complex of a community of organisms and its environment functioning as an ecological unit
Environmental Justice: the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. aka: Eco-Justice
Fracking: a technique in which a mixture of water and sand is forced down an oil well (or similar) in order to create fractures in the oil-bearing rock and thus release more oil
Glaciers/Ice Packs: a large body of ice moving slowly down a slope or valley or spreading outward on a land surface
Greenhouse Gases: gases which allow direct sunlight (relative shortwave energy) to reach the Earth’s surface unimpeded; as the shortwave energy heats the surface, longer-wave energy (heat) is radiated into the atmosphere; greenhouse gases absorb this energy, thereby allowing less heat to escape back to space and “trapping” it in the lower atmosphere. Many greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, and nitrous oxide, while others are synthetic. Those that are man-made include the chloroflourocarbons (CFCs), hydroflourocarbons (HFCs) and Perflourocarbons (PFCs) as well as sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).
Mountaintop Coal Mining: a surface mining practice involving the removal of mountaintops to expose coal seams and disposing of the associated mining overburden in adjacent valleys –“valley fills”
Permaculture: an agricultural system or method that seeks to integrate human activity with natural surroundings so as to create highly efficient self-sustaining ecosystems
Renewable energy: energy that can be replenished at the same rate as it is used
Sustainable: of, relating to, or being a method of harvesting or using a resource so that the resource is not depleted or permanently damaged
Urban planning: the branch of architecture dealing with the design and organization of urban space and activities; determining and drawing up plans for the future physical arrangement and condition of a community
Wetlands: land or areas (as marshes or swamps) that are covered often intermittently with shallow water or have soil saturated with moisture – usually used in plural